The Iwate Prefectural Government set up the Biotechnology Institute in April 1993 as an organization to intensively promote basic research on biotechnology common to such industries as the agricultural, forestry, and fishery industries and the food industry in order to support/promote research on the application of biotechnology by specialized testing/research organizations it has set up.

Iwate Biotechnology Research Center uses facilities and equipment at Iwate Biotechnology Institute to conduct research on assignments commissioned by the prefectural government.